Posts Tagged ‘sedimentary rock’

Evidence From Geology

September 15th, 2009

AG1060aTopsoil consists of weathered rock and organic material (decomposed from plants and animals). Millions of years should have produced extremely thick** layers of soil throughout the geological record. However, ancient topsoil layers are missing between virtually all rock layers. The geological record shows layers of sedimentary, metamorphic, or igneous rock deposited directly on top of one another. There are very few places where topsoil is found between these rock layers. So where is all the topsoil from millions of years of Earth history?

Standard geology teaches that land surfaces, supporting lush life, have been here continuously for hundreds of millions of years. Where is all the topsoil between the sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous layers which make up the geologic column*? The layers of rock in the geologic column*, with essentially no layers of topsoil in between them, seem to indicate that little time occurred between the deposition of these layers. In those few places where soil-type sediments are present between rock layers, there is evidence that they were deposited by flood waters.

The best explanation for the geological column is that these layers were deposited over a short period of time, one layer right after another, which allowed no time for topsoil to form between the layers. The virtual absence of topsoil within the geological column* is excellent evidence in support of the biblical claim for a young earth.

The above was quoted from The Young Earth, p.97-98 as depicted in A Closer Look At The Evidence by Richard & Tina Kleiss.

By wisdom the LORD laid the earth’s foundations, by understanding he set the heavens in place…. (Proverbs 3:19 )


* Editor’s Note: Charles Lyell created the geologic Column to explain the various rock layers and to bolster his belief in evolution. He also decided that it took millions of years (unlike the billions of today) to lay down all the various rock layers that he saw. He was also a strong proponent of uniformitarianism (a philosophy of science).

**Editor’s Note: The top soil is literally only a few inches thich all over the planet indicating a very young earth, not a very old earth as evolution requires.

Dinosaur Soft Tissue

August 17th, 2009
T-Rex from

T-Rex from

Dinosaur Soft Tissues: They’re Real!
by Brian Thomas, M.S.*

Paleontologist Mary Schweitzer’s discoveries of soft blood vessels, proteins, various blood cells, and even DNA inside fossilized dinosaur bones have been met with extreme skepticism from the scientific community. It has been well established that such biological structures and molecules should not last beyond a few tens of thousands of years, and could not possibly survive millions of years. So why are they there?

Scientists have made multiple attempts to debunk Schweitzer’s findings. Over the last 15 years, alternate explanations for the soft dinosaur tissue include contamination in the field or in the lab, bacterial activity producing the illusion of blood vessel remains, and the possibility that protein signatures derived from the tissues are actually just statistical artifacts (i.e., distortions or data errors).

In an effort to answer these objections, Schweitzer’s team implemented sterile excavation procedures and had an independent third party analyze their results. They confirmed that the soft tissues could not have come from bacteria. Bacteria do not manufacture products in the shape of vertebrate blood vessels, nor can they produce the kind of collagen found in the dinosaur bones.

The issue has generated such fervor that John Asara of Harvard Medical School, who found clear collagen signatures in Schweitzer’s dinosaur tissues,1 placed his data on line so that anyone could access it. Researchers from Palo Alto reanalyzed the data and published their report on line in the Journal of Proteome Research.2 They verified that four of Asara’s original seven collagen sequences were clearly legitimate, using different statistical and bioinformatics techniques. So far, there is every indication that the dinosaur soft tissues—incredible as it seems—are real biological leftovers from their once-living hosts.

Three options present themselves for the presence of molecules and blood vessels in creatures that purportedly passed on eons ago. Perhaps the soft tissue is some kind of mistake—it isn’t really organic material. But the number of other possible substances it could be is dwindling. Or perhaps there is an entirely unknown natural process that could have preserved soft tissue for millions of years. But this is a special pleading argument, one with strong laboratory evidence against it. Third, perhaps the soft tissue, and therefore the sedimentary rock that encased it, are thousands—not millions—of years old.

Dinosaur soft tissue leaves the evolutionary paradigm, which must have millions of years in order to achieve even remote plausibility, between a rock and a hard place. However, these dinosaur blood cells and vessels fit perfectly into the biblical history of the world, which indicates that man and dinosaurs both were created on the same day in the relatively recent past.3

Asara, J. M. et al. 2007. Protein Sequences from Mastodon and Tyrannosaurus Rex Revealed by Mass Spectrometry. Science. 316 (5822): 280-285.
Bern, M., B. S. Phinney, and D. Goldberg. 2009. Reanalysis of Tyrannosaurus rex Mass Spectra. Journal of Proteome Research. Published online July 15, 2009, accessed July 30, 2009.
Genesis 1:24-27.

* Mr. Thomas is Science Writer at the Institute for Creation Research.

This post was taken from the Institute For Creation Research

And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good. (Genesis 1:25)