Posts Tagged ‘Universe’

Universe Is Closer to the End Than Expected

February 10th, 2010

Study Shows the Universe Is Closer to the End Than Expected

by Brian Thomas, M.S. *

Every known system degenerates. Metal rusts, food rots, and flowers wither. Even something as large as the universe will eventually run down. How much usable and still-ordered energy remains in the universe?

Australian researchers have generated a new estimate, one that includes the energy-destroying effects of “supermassive black holes.” Their computations indicate that the universe is perhaps 30 times more run down than similar estimates published just last year.

After adding in “the contributions of black holes 100 times larger than those considered in previous budgets,” co-authors Chas Egan and Charles Lineweaver reported in the Astrophysical Journal that the universe is at least an order of magnitude more run down than secular astronomers once thought.1

The largest contributor by far to universal entropy (a measure of usable energy) is generated by supermassive black holes, according to the published study. Evidence of these, as well as the smaller “stellar” black holes, has been found mostly in galactic cores. Black holes rapidly randomize ordered forms of energy and matter, turning them into heat that then dissipates.

Though some of the assumptions used in the Egan and Lineweaver study rely on aspects of Big Bang cosmology, a large portion of the computed entropy was derived from temperature and volume measurements or estimates. A host of other observations has demolished the Big Bang theory,2 but the very fact that the universe is slowing down is both counter to evolutionary assumptions and supportive of biblical creation.

Lineweaver said in an Australian National University press release, “Contrary to common opinion, the maintenance of all the complicated structures we see around us―galaxies, stars, hurricanes and kangaroos―have the net effect of increasing the disorder and entropy of the universe.”3 The longstanding scientific observation of continually decreasing order in all systems contradicts the evolutionary doctrine that order has spontaneously increased.4 But evolution’s simple-to-complex story has been so uncritically accepted that it isn’t surprising that the science of entropy, which calls that story into question, is not as well known.

Since the universe is currently unwinding through natural processes, it stands to reason that at some point it was intentionally “wound up” by something outside of the universe. This corresponds well with the Bible’s assertion that “in the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.”5

In fact, the culmination of the heavens wearing down was mentioned in the book of Isaiah, to whom God said, “Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look upon the earth beneath: for the heavens shall vanish away like smoke, and the earth shall wax old like a garment, and they that dwell therein shall die in like manner: but my salvation shall be for ever, and my righteousness shall not be abolished.”6

Egan and Lineweaver suggested that future research could use their new numbers to recalculate how much time the universe has left. But failing to consider revelation from the God of creation must lead to confusion over the ultimate questions of origin and destiny. Whereas evolutionary scientists can be sure that the universe is running down—though unsure about when it started or how it will end—God states that “all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll,”7 “and the stars shall fall from heaven,”8 so that He can establish “new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness.”9 This present universal economy will be supernaturally restructured long before it fizzles out.


1.   Egan, C. A., and C. H. Lineweaver. A Larger Estimate of the Entropy of the Universe. Astrophysical Journal. 710 (2): 1825-1834.

2.   Gish, D. 1991. The Big Bang Theory Collapses. Acts & Facts. 20 (6).

3.   Astronomers: The end is nigher than we expected. Australian National University press release, January 25, 2010.

4.   Morris, H. 1985. Does Entropy Contradict Evolution? Acts & Facts. 14 (3).

5.   Genesis 1:1.

6.   Isaiah 51:6.

7.   Isaiah 34:4.

8.  Matthew 24:29. 2

9.   Peter 3:13.

Image credit: NASA

* Mr. Thomas is Science Writer at the Institute for Creation Research (ICR).

Article posted on February 9, 2010 in the Science Update published by ICR

Evidence From Astronomy

September 12th, 2009


There are more than 1022 stars in the universe, but each one is unique. No two stars have exactly the same properties. This may sound like guesswork, since we have analyzed very few stars in detail; but the conclusion is a certainty. A star has so many variables that the probability of two identical stars is essentially zero. These variables include the total number of atoms, the exact composition of elements, its size, and its temperature. Some stars show obvious color and brightness differences. Others require spectroscopic study to detect each star’s particular identity or fingerprint.

The Bible states in I Corinthians 15:41 that “star differs from star in splendor.” How could ancient man have known this? It is only logical to conclude that the Creator of the stars chose to tell man to include this in the Bible. In Psalm 147:4 the Bible also says that God “determines the number of stars and calls each by name.” Truly God’s abilities have no limit.

The above document is from Astronomy and the Bible, p.56-57 as quoted in A Closer Look At The Evidence by Richard & Tina Kleiss.

The sun has one kind of splendor, the moon another and the stars another; and star differs from star in splendor. (1 Corinthians 15:41)

Evidence from Astronomy

August 18th, 2009


Evolutionists have no adequate explanation for why, if our solar system evolved, the planets do not all spin in the same direction. Most planets rotate in the same direction [prograde orbit] as their orbits; but Venus, Uranus, and Pluto rotate backwards. In the nebula model of solar system evolution, the 72 [170] (see note below)  known moons should orbit planets in the same direction.  Instead, at least eight moons have backward orbits [retrograde orbit]. The planets Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune have moons orbiting in both directions!

These types of undisputed observations contradict the current theories of how the solar system evolved. They are, however, exactly what an all-powerful Creator, who wanted to reveal His hand in creation, would place in the universe for our enjoyment.
What grand diversity we see exhibited by our Creator!

The above article was taken from In the Beginning, 7th Ed., p.21 as written in A Closer Look At The Evidence by Richard & Tina Kleiss

Dominion and awe belong to God; he establishes order in the heights of heaven. Can his forces be numbered?…

(Job 25:2-3)

EDITOR’S NOTE: I suspect the 72 moons were calculated from old information. My links point out that there are 170 moons as of this posting. This number is accurate as of March 2009 but I expect it to continue to change as time goes on.  Whatever the actual number is, I find the quantity to be irrelevant within the context of this article which concentrates on the rotational directions of moons around our planets within our solar system. 



July 30th, 2009


Evolutionary scientists believe that matter spewed from exploding stars was used to form planets. They teach that the solar system and the sun formed from this great cloud of compacting gas. Yet they have no undisputed explanation for why Mars, Earth, Venus and Mercury do not have the same high percentage of hydrogen and helium as our sun and the rest of the visible universe. Less than 1% of these planets are composed of hydrogen and helium.

How could this be, given the current prevalent theory that our solar system is the result of a condensing  cloud of hydrogen gas? How could 99.86% of the mass within our solar system (our sun) be made of hydrogen and helium, while the four planets closest to the sun are composed almost entirely of heavier elements?

Something is seriously wrong with the theory of solar system evolution, which is being taught to our children as if it were a fact.

The above was taken from In The Beginning, 7th Ed., p.19 as quoted in A Closer Look At The Evidence, by Richard & Tina Kleiss.

Praise Him, you highest heavens and you waters above the skies. Let them praise the name of the LORD, for He commanded and they were created.  (Psalm 148:4-5)


Evidence from Physics

July 19th, 2009

Photo By: Jay R. Ballauer

Many people believe that the universe is infinitely old and has been around forever. They believe that the universe does not have a creator, because the universe is all there is. The fact that the universe is not uniform in temperature disproves this fact belief.

One of the most fundamental laws of the universe is that heat always flows from hot to cold. In other words, left to itself, a hot object eventually cools down. Yet our universe is full of hot objects. If the universe were infinitely old, the temperature throughout the universe should be uniform. Several logical deductions can be drawn from this observation:

  • Since the temperature of the universe is not uniform, the universe is not  infinitely old.
  • If the universe is not infinitely old, it must have had a beginning.
  • Since the universe had to have a beginning, it must have had a creator; because something cannot come from nothing. (The Law of Biogenesis)

The Bible is the only book which describes the character, methods, and purpose of that Creator. We owe it to ourselves to study both the universe when HE made and the book that HE has inspired. both will allow us to know this Creator better.

The above was taken from In The Beginning, 7th Edition P. 24 as quoted in A Closer Look At The Evidence, by Richard & Tina Kleiss.

Oh LORD, you are my GOD; I will exalt you and praise your name, for in perfect faithfulness you have done marvelous things, things planned long ago.   Isaiah 25:1